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Toename van perinatale verwijzing naar regionale centra bij vroeggeboorte in Nederland : Vergelijking van 1983 en 1993 [Increased perinatal referral to regional centres of premature infants in the Netherlands : Comparison of 1983 and 1993]

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Author: Kollée, L.A.A. · Ouden, A.L. den · Drewes, J.G. · Brouwers, H.A.A. · Verwey, R.A. · Verloove-Vanhorick, S.P.
Type:article
Date:1998
Institution: TNO Preventie en Gezondheid
Source:Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde, 3, 142, 131-134
Identifier: 234336
Keywords: Health · Humans · Infant Mortality · Infant, Newborn · Infant, Premature · Infant, Small for Gestational Age · Intensive Care Units, Neonatal · Netherlands · Perinatal Care · Referral and Consultation · Regional Medical Programs

Abstract

Objective. To determine changes in referral of preterm newborns. Design. Descriptive. Setting. Foundation for Perinatal Epidemiology the Netherlands, Leiden. Methods. Data regarding hospital of birth, referral, need of intensive care and mortality of the infants < 32 weeks and (or) < 1500 g birth weight born in 1993 from the National Neonatology Register were supplemented with data from a questionnaire for hospitals not included in the register. The data were compared with those of similar infants from the 'Project on preterm and small for gestational age', born in 1983. Results. In 1983, 61% of the preterm infants were treated in a perinatal centre; 39% were not referred. In 1993 these numbers were 89% and 11%, respectively. The contribution of antenatal referral increased from 29% to 47% while that of postnatal referral decreased from 41% to 25%. Mortality decreased from 25.4% in 1983 to 14.3% in 1993. Conclusion. Regionalisation of high risk perinatal care resulted in concentration of care for preterm infants. At the same time, in-hospital mortality decreased by almost 50%.