It is the junior leaders responsibility to use the available firepower as provided by combined arms operations. The current military firepower is based on the available means notwithstanding the fact that these were procured with other operational demands and doctrines in mind. Current operations increased the awareness of the military user’s unfamiliarity with the ammunition performance against non-traditional targets in confined, populated areas within the rules of engagement, the logistic burden and the high ammunition rate consumption. On behalf of the RNLA, TNO started a large scale experimental research program in close collaboration with (inter)national partners to become conversant with and assess the performance of conventional current in-use ammunitions: 12.7 mm up to 155mm, AT/ASM and TP ammunitions. Attending the experiments increased the awareness of international partners and visitors from defence, R&D and industry. An international workshop was organised to focus on future ammunition demands, addressing topics such military performance requirements including collateral effects and cost reduction. The need for international collaboration is evident. The overall objective is to improve the safe, effective, efficient and affordable use, procurement and development of ammunition.