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The excessively crying infant : etiology and treatment

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Author: Akhnikh, S. · Engelberts, A.C. · Sleuwen, B.E. van · Hoir, M.P. L’ · Benninga, M.A.
Type:article
Date:2014
Source:Pediatric Annals, 4, 43, e69-75
Identifier: 501494
doi: doi:10.3928/00904481-20140325-07
Keywords: Health · Chamomile · Fennel extract · Plant extract · Proton pump inhibitor · Unclassified drug · Child parent relation · Chiropractic · Colic · Domestic violence · Gastroesophageal reflux · Glycyrrhiza · Gram negative bacterium · Herbal tea · Home care · Human · Hyperactivity · Infant · Intestine flora · Lactobacillus · Lactobacillus reuteri · lactose intolerance · Manipulative medicine · Massage · Milk allergy · Parent counseling · Physiotherapy · Proteobacteria · Reflux esophagitis · Smoking · Training · Urinary tract infection · Healthy for Life · Healthy Living · Behavioural Changes · CH - Child Health · ELSS - Earth, Life and Social Sciences

Abstract

Excessive crying, often described as infantile colic, is the cause of 10% to 20% of all early pediatrician visits of infants aged 2 weeks to 3 months. Although usually benign and selflimiting, excessive crying is associated with parental exhaustion and stress. However, and underlying organic cause is found in less than 5% of these infants. In the majority of cases, treatment consists not of “curing the colic,” although usually it is possible to reduce crying, but of helping the parents to get through this challenging period in their baby’s development. The aims of this review are to discuss definition, etiology, and evaluate different treatment regimes in infants who cry excessively.