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The sand extraction potential of embedded land surface lowering in the Netherlands

Author: Meulen, M.J. van der · Kleine, M.P.E. de · Veldkamp, J.G. · Dubelaar, C.W. · Pietersen, H.S.
Type:article
Date:2004
Source:Geologie en Mijnbouw/Netherlands Journal of Geosciences, 2, 83, 147-151
Identifier: 237798
Keywords: Geosciences · Gravel · Land surface lowering · Mineral extraction · Sand · Spatial planning · The Netherlands · dredging · mineral deposit · quarrying · sand and gravel · Benelux · Eastern Hemisphere · Eurasia · Europe · Netherlands · Western Europe · World · Geological Survey Netherlands · Energy / Geological Survey Netherlands

Abstract

In the Netherlands, mineral extraction by means of dredging or quarrying meets with considerable societal resistance. Land surface lowering prior to large land reconstruction projects may raise fewer objections. We have calculated the potential yields of sand and gravel from land surface lowering embedded in planned building and construction projects, and in nature, farmland and recreation area development. Our primary data sets were a compilation of spatial plans for the period 1995 - 2005 and about 95,000 borehole descriptions. Even if embedded consistently, land surface lowering would contribute modestly (up to 5.4 Mio m 3/a) to the filling sand provision (annual demand 45 - 50 Mio m3/a).