Repository hosted by TU Delft Library

Home · Contact · About · Disclaimer ·

Active beam spectroscopy for ITER

Publication files not online:

Author: Hellermann, M.G. von · Barnsley, R. · Biel, W. · Delabie, E. · Hawkes, N. · Jaspers, R. · Johnson, D. · Klinkhamer, J.F.F. · Lischtschenko, O. · Marchuk, O. · Schunke, B. · Singh, M.J. · Snijders, B. · Summers, H.P. · Thomas, D. · Tugarinov, S. · Vasu, P.
Institution: TNO Industrie en Techniek
Source:Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, 2, 623, 720-725
Identifier: 425191
doi: DOI:10.1016/j.nima.2010.04.011
Keywords: Physics · CXRS · ITER · MSE · Spectroscopy · Active beams · Beam physics · Comprehensive performance · Critical issues · CXRS · CXRS diagnostics · Design studies · Equatorial ports · Feasibility studies · First mirror · First wall · Injection angles · ITER · MSE · MW heating · Neutral beams · Radial resolution · Remote maintenance · Spectral range · Trapped particle · Optical systems · Specifications · Particle beams


Since the first feasibility studies of active beam spectroscopy on ITER in 1995 the proposed diagnostic has developed into a well advanced and mature system. Substantial progress has been achieved on the physics side including comprehensive performance studies based on an advanced predictive code, which simulates active and passive features of the expected spectral ranges. The simulation has enabled detailed specifications for an optimized instrumentation and has helped to specify suitable diagnostic neutral beam parameters. Four ITER partners share presently the task of developing a suite of ITER active beam diagnostics, which make use of the two 0.5 MeV/amu 18 MW heating neutral beams and a dedicated 0.1 MeV/amu, 3.6 MW diagnostic neutral beam. The IN ITER team is responsible for the DNB development and also for beam physics related aspects of the diagnostic. The RF will be responsible for edge CXRS system covering the outer region of the plasma (1>r/a>0.4) using an equatorial observation port, and the EU will develop the core CXRS system for the very core (0<r/a<0.7) using a top observation port. Thus optimum radial resolution is ensured for each system with better than a/30 resolution. Finally, the US will develop a dedicated MSE system making use of the HNBs and two equatorial ports. With appropriate modification, these systems could also potentially provide information on alpha particle slowing-down features. On the engineering side, comprehensive preparations were made involving the development of an observation periscope, a neutron labyrinth optical system and design studies for remote maintenance including the exchange of the first mirror assembly, a critical issue for the operation of the CXRS diagnostic in the harsh ITER environment. Additionally, an essential change of the orientation of the DNB injection angle and specification of suitable blanket aperture has been made to avoid trapped particle damage to the first wall. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.