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Filamentous fungi as cell factories for heterologous protein production

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Author: Punt, P.J. · Biezen, N. van · Conesa, A. · Albers, A. · Mangnus, J. · Hondel, C. van den
Institution: Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO
Source:Trends in Biotechnology, 5, 20, 200-206
Identifier: 87836
doi: doi:10.1016/S0167-7799(02)01933-9
Keywords: Nutrition · Fermentation · Fungi · Humans · Interleukin-6 · Peroxidases · Protein Conformation · Recombinant Proteins · Ascomycota · Aspergillus · Basidiomycota · Fungi · Phanerochaete · Saccharomyces · Saccharomyces cerevisiae · Zygomycetes


Filamentous fungi have been used as sources of metabolites and enzymes for centuries. For about two decades, molecular genetic tools have enabled us to use these organisms to express extra copies of both endogenous and exogenous genes. This review of current practice reveals that molecular tools have enabled several new developments. But it has been process development that has driven the final breakthrough to achieving commercially relevant quantities of protein. Recent research into gene expression in filamentous fungi has explored their wealth of genetic diversity with a view to exploiting them as expression hosts and as a source of new genes. Inevitably, the progress in the 'genomics' technology will further develop high-throughput technologies for these organisms. Chemicals/CAS: Interleukin-6; manganese peroxidase, EC; Peroxidases, EC 1.11.1.-; Recombinant Proteins