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Alternative short tests for inspection and maintenance of in-use cars with respect to their emissions performance

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Author: Samaras, Z. · Zachariadis, T. · Joumard, R. · Vernet, I. · Hassel, D. · Weber, F.-J. · Rijkeboer, R.C.
Institution: TNO Wegtransportmiddelen
Source:International Journal of Vehicle Design, 1-4 (Spec.iss.), 20, 292-303
Identifier: 234798
Keywords: Emission · Exhaust emissions · Inspection · Legislation · Maintenance · Short cycles · Statistical methods · In-use car emissions · Automobile testing


This paper presents the first results of a project aimed at evaluation of a number of short tests that can be alternatively used for Inspection and Maintenance of in-use cars emissions performance. For this purpose, a large number of in-use cars from four European countries was tested according to a test protocol that included a wide selection of short tests (idle and fast idle tests, a steady-state loaded test and short transient loaded tests), in addition to the legislated New European Driving Cycle and a number of real-world cycles. The test results were statistically analysed in a number of different combinations, with the objective to define a set of reasonable cutpoints, taking into account various criteria such as errors of commission, errors of omission, excess emitter identification rate and excess emission identification rate.