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Determining effects of bridge design on ship control

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Author: Schuffel, H.
Type:article
Date:1985
Publisher: SNAME
Place: New York, NY, USA
Institution: Instituut voor Zintuigfysiologie TNO
Source:Proceedings - Tenth Ship Technology and Research (STAR) Symposium, 1985. Held in conjunction with the SNAME Spring Meeting., Norfolk, VA, USA, Conference code: Conference code: 7647, 275-283
Identifier: 229879
Keywords: Human engineering · Bridge design · Human factors · Ship control · Ships

Abstract

As ship bridge design is supposed to support the watch-officer's sensing, information processing and motor-handling activities, the question is raised as to how these processes can be measured. The suggestion is to conduct experiments on different paradigms which together allow general conclusions and interpretation. Two such experiments are described. In the first the effects of two bridge designs on ship control are compared in a simulator experiment with realistic conditions. In a second experiment the effects of radar and view are investigated in a ship tracking task with forcing functions based on the inherent controllability of the ship. The results show that suboptimal bridge design has the effect of deteriorating mariner's task performance which parallels the findings of accident analysis. Future research on ship bridge design is focussed on one-officer-operation.