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The digestion process of the sugar alcohol isomalt in the intestinal tract of the pig: 2 Studies with administration of isomalt as a sweet

Author: Weerden, E.J. van · Huisman, J.
Type:article
Date:1993
Institution: Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO
Source:British Journal of Nutrition, 2, 69, 467-479
Identifier: 232124
Keywords: Disaccharide alcohols · Isomalt · Pigs · Sugar digestion · Calcium · Isomalt · Magnesium · Nitrogen · Phosphorus · Potassium · Sodium · Sugar alcohol · Animal experiment · Cannula · Controlled study · Dose time effect relation · Energy · Fermentation · Ileum · Intestine absorption · Large intestine · Nonhuman · Small intestine · Animal · Animal Feed · Carbohydrates · Comparative Study · Digestion · Disaccharides · Energy Metabolism · Feces · Gastrointestinal Transit · Intestine, Large · Intestine, Small · Intestines · Male · Minerals · Models, Biological · Nitrogen · Sugar Alcohols · Sweetening Agents · Swine

Abstract

In a study with ten pigs of 60-70 kg live weight, provided with a re-entrant cannula at the end of the ileum, and sixteen intact, non-cannulated pigs, the digestion and absorption of a dietary dose of 100 g isomalt/kg, and isomalt given between the meals as a 'sweet' on the basis of 50 and 100 g/kg feed consumption, were examined. In all three isomalt treatments slightly less than 0.40 of the isomalt consumed was digested in the small intestine when the calculations were based on ileal sugar passage. However, when basing the calculations on energy contents of ileal chyme, only approximately 0.10 was digested in the small intestine. The bacterial fermentation of the isomalt flowing into the large intestine was indicated by a decreased faecal energy digestibility and a slight reduction in faecal dry matter and nitrogen digestibility. The retention of the minerals sodium, potassium, magnesium, calcium and phosphorus was not influenced to any measurable extent when isomalt was fed. Chemicals/CAS: calcium, 7440-70-2; isomalt, 64519-82-0; magnesium, 7439-95-4; nitrogen, 7727-37-9; phosphorus, 7723-14-0; potassium, 7440-09-7; sodium, 7440-23-5; Carbohydrates; Disaccharides; Minerals; Nitrogen, 7727-37-9; Palatinit, 64519-82-0; Sugar Alcohols; Sweetening Agents