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Evaluation of the environmental impact of modern passenger cars on petrol, diesel, automotive LPG and CNG

Attachments

Author: Hendriksen, P. · Vermeulen, R.J. · Rijkeboer, R.C. · Bremmers, D.A.C.M. · Smokers, R.T.M. · Winkel, R.G.
Type:report
Date:2003
Publisher: TNO
Place: Delft
Institution: TNO Wegtransportmiddelen
Identifier: 367531
Report number: 03.OR.VM.055.1/PHE
Keywords: Diesel · Automotive fuel · CNG · Petrol · LPG · VVG

Abstract

The project reported here concerns an investigation into the environmental performance of modern passenger cars on four different fuels: petrol, diesel, automotive LPG and CNG. The objectives of the project were twofold: - To make a valid and useful comparison between modern vehicles fuelled by these four fuels, as a possible basis for governmental policy making. - To establish characteristic up-to-date emission factors for modern passenger cars, fuelled by these four fuels, that can be used in a variety of inventories, calculations and forecasts by various (semi-) governmental agencies. As such the project can be seen as an update of a similar project reported in 1993.