We present a generic mass spectrometric method to verify exposure to organophosphates, based on the chemical conversion of the phosphylated peptides obtained after pepsin digestion of human butyrylcholinesterase (HuBuChE) to a common precursor peptide. After exposure of plasma to various organophosphates (nerve agents, pesticides), HuBuChE was isolated from plasma by procainamide affinity-based solid-phase extraction. Upon subsequent pepsin digestion, the respective phosphylated nonapeptides could be identified in the digests. After treatment of the pepsin digests with Ba(OH)a in the presence of a nucleophilic tag (a thiol or amine), the phosphylated nonapeptides were transformed into a common tagged nonapeptide that could be analyzed sensitively by means of LC tandem MS. So far, best results were obtained with 2-(3-aminopropylamino)ethanol as nucleophilic tag. By applying the presented method, HuBuChE inhibition can now be monitored accurately by mass spectrometry, without advance knowledge of the structure of the inhibitor. © 2006 American Chemical Society.