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Real-Time Monitoring of Size and Concentration of Nanoparticles Inside a Reactor Using Ultrasound

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Author: Groenestijn, G.J.A. van · Meulendiiks, N.M.M. · Volker, A.W.F. · Neer, P.L.M.J. van · Buskens, P.J.P.
Type:article
Date:2018
Publisher: IEEE Computer Society
Source:IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, IUS 2018, 22-25 October 2018, Kobe, Japan
Identifier: 861884
ISBN: 9781538634257
Article number: 8580198
Keywords: Colloids · Nanoparticle size and concentration · Nanoparticle synthesis · Realtime analysis · Stöber reaction · Dynamic light scattering · High resolution transmission electron microscopy · Nanometals · Nanoparticles · Sols · Synthesis (chemical) · Ultrasonics · Nanoparticle sizes · Sub-micron particles · Ultrasound spectroscopy · Particle size analysis

Abstract

Nanoparticles are applied in an increasing number of products (e.g. medicine, food and cosmetics). There is a need to real-time monitor the growth of nanoparticles during production inside the chemical reactor. However, standard particle sizing methods such as dynamic light scattering (DLS) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) cannot do this. A suitable candidate may be ultrasonic transmission spectroscopy (UTS). Here, the sound speed and attenuation are measured of a dispersion and a physics based model is inverted and fitted to the measurements. The measurements have to be done with great accuracy: e.g. one should be able to measure frequency dependent variations in the speed of sound smaller than 0.05%. The measurements also have to be carried out fast enough compared to the time scale of the reaction. Moreover, the inversion has to be able to deal with the changing properties of the solvent during particle formation. Here, we report on the new ultrasound nanoparticle sizer (UNPS) that has these abilities and therefore could successfully monitor the size and concentration growth of nanoparticles during a reaction inside a reactor in real-time.