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Effect of human scavenger receptor class A overexpression in bone marrow-derived cells on cholesterol levels and atherosclerosis in apoE-deficient mice

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Author: Eck, M. van · Winther, M.P.J. de · Herijgers, N. · Havekes, L.M. · Hofker, M.H. · Groot, P.H.E. · Berkel, T.J.C. van
Type:article
Date:2000
Institution: Gaubius Instituut TNO
Source:Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology, 12, 20, 2600-2606
Identifier: 235898
Keywords: Biology · Animals · Aorta · Apolipoproteins E · Arteriosclerosis · Bone Marrow Cells · Bone Marrow Transplantation · Cells, Cultured · Cholesterol, VLDL · Female · Humans · Kupffer Cells · Lipid Metabolism · Lipoproteins, LDL · Macrophages, Peritoneal · Membrane Proteins · Mice · Mice, Knockout · Mice, Transgenic · Myocardium · Receptors, Immunologic · Receptors, Lipoprotein · Receptors, Scavenger · Scavenger Receptors, Class A · Scavenger Receptors, Class B · Triglycerides · Whole-Body Irradiation

Abstract

In the arterial wall, scavenger receptor class A (SRA) is implicated in pathological lipid deposition. In contrast, in the liver, SRA is suggested to remove modified lipoproteins from the circulation, thereby protecting the body from their pathological action. The role of SRA on bone marrow-derived cells in lipid metabolism and atherogenesis was assessed in vivo by transplantation of bone marrow cells overexpressing human SRA (MSR1) to apoE-deficient mice. In vitro studies with peritoneal macrophages from the transplanted mice showed that macrophage scavenger receptor function, as measured by cell association and degradation studies with acetylated LDL, was ≃3-fold increased on overexpression of MSR1 in bone marrow-derived cells as compared with control mice. Despite the increased macrophage scavenger receptor function in vitro, no significant effect of MSR1 overexpression in bone marrow-derived cells on the in vivo atherosclerotic lesion development was found. In addition to arterial wall macrophages, liver sinusoidal Kupffer cells also overexpress MSR1 after bone marrow transplantation, which may scavenge atherogenic particles more efficiently from the blood compartment. Introduction of bone marrow cells overexpressing human MSR1 in apoE-deficient mice induced a significant reduction in serum cholesterol levels of ≃20% (P < 0.001, 2-way ANOVA) as the result of a decrease in VLDL cholesterol. It is suggested that the reduction in VLDL cholesterol levels is due to increased clearance of modified lipoproteins by the overexpressed MSR 1 in Kupffer cells of the liver, thereby protecting the arterial wall against the proatherogenic action of modified lipoproteins. Chemicals/CAS: acetyl-LDL; Apolipoproteins E; Cholesterol, VLDL; Lipoproteins, LDL; Membrane Proteins; oxidized low density lipoprotein; Receptors, Immunologic; Receptors, Lipoprotein; Receptors, Scavenger; Scarb1 protein, mouse; Scavenger Receptors, Class A; Scavenger Receptors, Class B; Triglycerides