This special issue pays attention to a relatively new research topic in work and organizational psychology: job crafting. Job crafting refers to the modifications employees apply to their jobs in order to better fit this job to their needs and abilities. In this introductory article, we first explain the most important characteristics of job crafting. Next, we take a historical view of the concept of job crafting, describing how this concept and its measurement has developed over time. Then, we provide an introduction to the articles in this special issue. Finally, we outline several questions and topics for future research.