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The Influence of Particle Size Distribution and Shell Imperfections on the Plasmon Resonance of Au and Ag Nanoshells

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Author: Mann, D. · Nascimento-Duplat, D. · Keul, H. · Möller, M. · Verheijen, M. · Xu, M. · Urbach, H.P. · Adam, A.J.L. · Buskens, P.J.P.
Type:article
Date:2016
Publisher: Springer
Place: Heidelberg
Source:Plasmonics
Identifier: 574772
Keywords: Nanotechnology · High Tech Systems & Materials · Industrial Innovation · Nano Technology · OPT - Optics MAS - Materials Solutions · TS - Technical Sciences

Abstract

Au and Ag nanoshells are of interest for a wide range of applications. The plasmon resonance of such nanoshells is the property of interest and can be tuned in a broad spectral regime, ranging from the ultraviolet to the mid-infrared. To date, a large number of manuscripts have been publishedontheopticsofsuchnanoshells.Fewofthese,however, address the effect of particle size distribution and metal shell imperfections on the plasmon resonance. Both are inherent to the chemical synthesis of metal nanoshells and therefore to a large extent unavoidable. It is of vital importance to understand their effect on the plasmon resonance, since this determines the scope and limitations of the technology and may have a direct impact on the application of such particles. Here, we elucidate the effect of particle size distribution and imperfections in the metal shell on the plasmon resonance of Au and Agnanoshells. The size of the polystyrene core and the thickness of the Au and Agshells are systematically varied to study their influence on the plasmon resonance, and the results are compared to values obtained through optical simulations using extended Mie theory and finite element method. Discrepancies between theory and practice are studied in detail and discussed extensively. Quantitative information on the minimum thickness of the metal shell, which is required to realize a satisfactory plasmon resonance of a metal nanoshell, is provided for Au and Ag.