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Psychosocial work characteristics and psychological strain in relation to low-back pain

Author: Hoogendoorn, W.E. · Bongers, P.M. · Vet, H.C.W. de · Houtman, I.L.D. · Ariëns, G.A.M.
Source:Scandinavian journal of work, environment and health, 4, 27, 258-267
Identifier: 276671
Keywords: Workplace · Werkdruk · Rugklachten · Hernia · Psychische factoren · Arbeid · industrial psychology · Job satisfaction · Low-back pain; · Prospective cohort study · Psychological strain · Psychological stress · Psychosocial work characteristics · Risk factor · Social support


This study investigated the relationship between psychosocial work characteristics and low-back pain and the potential intermediate role of psychological strain variables in this relationship. The research was part of a prospective cohort study of risk factors for musculoskeletal symptoms. The study population consisted of 861 workers from 34 companies in the Netherlands who had no low-back pain at baseline and for whom data on the occurrence of low-back pain were obtained with annual questionnaires during a 3-year follow-up period. Information on psychosocial work characteristics and psychosocial strain variables was collected using a questionnaire at baseline. Cases of low-back pain were defined as workers who reported, in at least one of the annual follow-up questionnaires, that they had had regular or prolonged low-back pain in the previous 12 months. It can be concluded that low social support, from either supervisors or co-workers, appears to be a risk factor for low-back pain. Some indications of a relationship between high quantities job demands and high conflicting demands and low-back pain were also found. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.