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EBG enhanced dielectric lens antennas for the imaging at sub-mm waves

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Author: Neto, A. · Bekers, D.J. · Gerini, G. · Baselmans, J. · Yates, S. · Hoevers, H.
Type:article
Date:2008
Institution: TNO Defensie en Veiligheid
Source:2008 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and USNC/URSI National Radio Science Meeting, APSURSI, 5 - 11 July 2008, San Diego, CA,, USA
Identifier: 241120
doi: doi:10.1109/APS.2008.4619323
Keywords: Electronics · Antenna feeds · Antenna radiation patterns · Millimetre wave antennas · Photonic band gap · Submillimetre wave antennas · Submillimetre wave imaging

Abstract

This paper presents a truly integrated antennas in mm and sub-mm wave regimes can be realized by printing planar radiating elements in the focal plane of elliptical or extended hemispherical lens antennas. The elliptical shape of the lens gives high focusing properties provided that its eccentricity is properly related to its dielectric constant (e=1/epsiv1/2 r). In the frame of cooperation activity between TNO and SRON, the main purpose of this contribution is to present a new way to increase the directivity of the focal plane feeds typically used to excite such lenses. The driving reason for this effort is the desire to diminish the impact of the reflections at the dielectric air interface when these structures are proposed as focal plane imagers.