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Soccer injuries and recovery in dutch male amateur soccer players: Results of a prospective cohort study

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Author: Beijsterveldt, A.M. van · Steffen, K. · Stubbe, J.H. · Frederiks, J.E. · Port, I.G.L. van de · Backx, F.J.G.
Type:article
Date:2014
Source:Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine, 4, 24, 337-342
Identifier: 513412
doi: doi:10.1097/JSM.0000000000000028
Keywords: Health · Amateur · Epidemiology · Incidence · Injuries · Recovery · Soccer · Absenteeism · Adult · Athlete · Controlled study · General aspects of disease · Human · Injury location · Injury severity · Injury type · Major clinical study · Male · Pharmaceutical care · Priority journal · Prospective study · Soccer injury · Sport injury · Training · Healthy for Life · Healthy Living · Behavioural Changes · LS - Life Style · ELSS - Earth, Life and Social Sciences

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:: To describe characteristics of outdoor soccer injury and recovery among Dutch soccer players. DESIGN:: Prospective cohort study. SETTING:: The 2009-2010 competitive season (33 weeks). PARTICIPANTS:: Four hundred fifty-six Dutch male soccer players of 23 amateur teams. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:: Coaches recorded individual exposure to all soccer activities. Paramedics or sports trainers collected information on the occurrence (eg, location, type, circumstances) and consequences (eg, absenteeism, medical treatment) of injuries. RESULTS:: In total, 424 time-loss injuries were sustained by 60% (n = 274) of the players, with 23% (n = 105) having more than 1 injury. This corresponds to an overall density of 9.6 (8.7-10.5) injuries per 1000 player hours; 3.9 (3.3-4.7) in training sessions and 20.4 (18.1-23.1) in soccer matches. Almost 30% (n = 123) of the injuries lasted for more than 1 month, 14% (n = 58) were reinjuries (causing longer absence than new injuries), and 54% (n = 230) of the injuries were given medical treatment. The most common diagnoses were muscle/tendon (38%) or joint/ligament injuries (23%) of the lower extremities. After regaining the ability to fully take part in soccer training or matches, 27.4% of the players (n = 116) still reported complaints. CONCLUSIONS:: Two recommendations based on the above-mentioned results are (1) prevention should primarily focus on these most common diagnoses and (2) players resuming soccer activities after an injury should be given special attention to resolve the remaining complaints and to prevent reinjuries. Copyright © 2014 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.