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Effects of a low-intensity strength-training program on knee-extensor strength and functional ability of frail older people

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Author: Westhoff, M.H. · Stemmerik, L. · Boshuizen, H.C.
Type:article
Date:2000
Institution: TNO Preventie en Gezondheid
Source:Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, 4, 8, 325-342
Identifier: 235724
doi: doi:10.1123/japa.8.4.325
Keywords: Health · Aging · Elderly · Exercise · Physical function · Aged · Clinical article · Clinical trial · Controlled clinical trial · Controlled study · Fitness · Functional assessment · Health program · Human · Knee · Muscle strength · Randomized controlled trial

Abstract

This study's purpose was to investigate whether a 10-week low-intensity strength-training program could improve strength of the knee extensors and functional ability. Participants 65 years and older with low knee-extensor muscle strength were randomized into an exercise (n = 11) and a control group (n = 10). Knee-extensor strength and functional ability were measured before and after the program and again 6 months later. Knee-extensor strength (Nm) increased by 54% (13% in the control) by the end of the training program (F = 13.02, p = .01), and most of this improvement was still present 6 months later. The program had a beneficial effect on functional tasks, especially the time taken to rise from a chair in combination with a 3-m walk (F = 3.99, p = .03) and self-reported ability related to lower extremity performance (F = 6.97, p = .02). It seems that this program could contribute to improving functional ability in frail older people.