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Quantification of the number of injured people due to hazardous material accidents

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Author: Rosmuller, N. · Trijssenaar, I. · Reinders, J. · Blokker, P.
Type:article
Date:2012
Source:International Journal of Emergency Management, 4, 8, 308-331
Identifier: 471506
Keywords: Safety · Emergency response · Hazardous material accidents · Injury modeling · Railway station · Self-rescue · Central stations · Development plans · Emergency responders · Emergency response · Equipment requirements · Fire brigade · Hazardous material accidents · Information concerning · Netherlands · Railway stations · Self-rescue · Spatial development · Transportation infrastructures · Transportation plans · Accidents · Railroad stations · Hazardous materials · acrylonitrile · ammonia · chlorine · article · chemical accident · dangerous goods transport · fire fighter · hazardous material accident · human · Netherlands · quantitative analysis · railway · traffic safety · acrylonitrile, 107-13-1 · ammonia, 14798-03-9, 51847-23-5, 7664-41-7 · chlorine, 13981-72-1, 7782-50-5 · Urban Development · Built Environment · Earth & Environment · UES - Urban Environment & Safety · EELS - Earth, Environmental and Life Sciences

Abstract

Accidents with hazardous materials may threaten the lives of people living in the direct environment of the transportation infrastructure. In many countries, fire brigades play a major role in advising the authorities when they are dealing with issues where hazardous materials are involved. Since emergency responders have to deal with injured persons, information concerning the number of injured people and the types of injuries is relevant to them. In response to this need, we developed a method for calculating the number of injured people. This method was applied to the (re)development plans for the largest railway station in the Netherlands, Utrecht Central station. Through this intermodal transfer terminal, both passengers and substantial amounts of hazardous materials are transported. The fire brigades used the injury information to assess the spatial development plans and transportation plans for hazardous materials. Furthermore, the fire brigades used the injury information to determine their suppression tactics and equipment requirements. Copyright © 2012 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.