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Direct cell-to-cell contact between Kupffer cells and hepatocytes augments endotoxin-induced hepatic injury

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Author: Hoebe, K.H.N. · Witkamp, R.F. · Fink-Gremmels, J. · Miert, A.S.J.P.A.M. van · Monshouwer, M.
Type:article
Date:2001
Institution: Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO
Source:American Journal of Physiology Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology, 4 43-4, 280, G720-G728
Identifier: 87495
Keywords: Nutrition · Animals · Biotransformation · Blotting, Western · Cell Communication · Cell Membrane Permeability · Cell Survival · Cells, Cultured · Coculture Techniques · Endotoxins · Hepatitis, Toxic · Hepatocytes · Immunohistochemistry · Interleukin-6 · Kupffer Cells · Male · Nitric Oxide · Nitric Oxide Synthase · Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II · Reactive Oxygen Species · Swine · Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha

Abstract

This study focuses on the importance of direct contact between Kupffer cells (KCs) and hepatocytes (HCs) during the hepatic inflammatory response using an in vitro approach. The lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammatory response in monocultures of porcine HCs and KCs were compared with cocultures prepared either with direct contact between KCs and HCs (DC cocultures) or without direct contact using cell culture membrane inserts. Our data show that DC cocultures exhibited the highest production of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin-6, and nitric oxide (NO) compared with the other cultures. Immunohistochemical studies revealed that TNF-α was exclusively produced by KCs, whereas HCs were responsible for NO production after LPS stimulation. Biotransformation capacity, as determined by cytochrome P-450 and UDP glucuronosyl transferase enzyme activities, was most significantly decreased in DC cocultures. These results provide evidence that direct contact between KCs and HCs favors the extensive TNF-α production by KCs but in turn affects HC functionality and viability. These findings suggest that direct contact between KCs and HCs plays a key role in the development of a fulminating hepatic inflammatory response. Chemicals/CAS: Endotoxins; Interleukin-6; Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II, EC 1.14.13.39; Nitric Oxide Synthase, EC 1.14.13.39; Nitric Oxide, 10102-43-9; Reactive Oxygen Species; Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha