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Do labour market reforms reduce labour productivity growth? A panel data analysis of 20 OECD countries (1960–2004)

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Author: Vergeer, R. · Kleinknecht, A.
Type:article
Date:2014
Source:International Labour Review, 3, 153, 365-393
Identifier: 524367
doi: DOI:10.1111/j.1564-913X.2014.00209.x
Keywords: Workplace · Labour productivity · Low income · OECD countries · Work and Employment · Healthy Living · Resilient Organisations · SP - Sustainable Productivity and Employability · EELS - Earth, Environmental and Life Sciences

Abstract

Based on comprehensive regression analysis, the authors find that weak wage growth and a smaller labour share of national income significantly reduce labour productivity growth. They conclude that supply-side labour market reforms have contributed to reducing labour productivity growth: this cannot be explained by a deregulation-induced inflow of low-productivity labour as proposed by OECD researchers. They also discuss why deregulation, easier firing and higher labour turnover may damage learning and knowledge accumulation in companies, notably by weakening the functioning of the “routinized” innovation model (“Schumpeter II”). Finally, their findings raise doubts about the relevance of Baumol's law and Verdoorn's law.