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Effects of a brief intervention program for patients with cancer and their partners on feelings of inequity, relationship quality and psychological distress

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Author: Kuijer, R.G. · Buunk, B.P. · Jong, G.M.de · Ybema, J.F. · Sanderman, R.
Type:article
Date:2004
Source:Psycho-Oncology, 5, 13, 321-334
Identifier: 237736
doi: doi:10.1002/pon.749
Keywords: Workplace · Veilig en Gezond Werken · Cancer patient · Clinical article · Clinical trial · Controlled clinical trial · Controlled study · Correlation analysis · Distress syndrome · Emotionality · Follow up · Health program · Human relation · Marital therapy · Patient counseling · Perception · Randomized controlled trial · Treatment outcome · Adult · Counseling · Family Health · Female · Humans · Interpersonal Relations · Intervention Studies · Male · Middle Aged · Neoplasms · Social Support · Stress, Psychological · Waiting Lists

Abstract

When one member of a couple develops a serious illness, the lives of both partners are likely to be affected. Interventions directed at both partners are generally lacking, however. In the present study, a brief counseling program directed at couples confronted with cancer was evaluated. The intervention focused mainly on the exchange of social support and help between both partners and was aimed at restoring perceptions of equity. Couples were randomly assigned to an experimental group or a waiting-list group. After the intervention, both patients and their partners reported lower levels of perceptions of underinvestment and overbenefit, and higher levels of relationship quality. Moreover, among patients psychological distress decreased after the intervention. These effects were generally maintained until follow-up three months later. Associations between perceptions of equity and relationship quality and psychological distress were also examined. Copyright © 2003 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.