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Human osteoblasts produce cathepsin K

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Author: Mandelin, J. · Hukkanen, M. · Li, T.F. · Korhonen, M. · Liljeström, M. · Sillat, T. · Hanemaaijer, R. · Salo, J. · Santavirta, S. · Konttinen, Y.T.
Type:article
Date:2006
Institution: TNO Kwaliteit van Leven
Source:Bone, 6, 38, 769-777
Identifier: 239276
doi: doi:10.1016/j.bone.2005.10.017
Keywords: Biomedical Research · Cathepsin K · Cytokines · Osteoblasts · Osteoporosis · Stromal cells · antibody · cathepsin K · collagen type 1 · messenger RNA · bone matrix · cell isolation · controlled study · culture medium · femur neck · fracture · human · human cell · human tissue · immunoassay · immunohistochemistry · immunoreactivity · nucleotide sequence · osteoblast · osteocyte · protein analysis · protein function · protein secretion · protein synthesis · quantitative analysis · reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction · RNA analysis · sampling · trabecular bone · Western blotting · Alkaline Phosphatase · Calcification, Physiologic · Cathepsins · Cell Differentiation · Cells, Cultured · Core Binding Factor Alpha 1 Subunit · Gene Expression Regulation · Humans · Immunohistochemistry · Matrix Metalloproteinase 13 · Mesenchymal Stem Cells · Osteoclasts · Osteoprotegerin · RANK Ligand · RNA, Messenger · Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha

Abstract

Healthy bone is a rigid yet living tissue that undergoes continuous remodeling. Osteoclasts resorb bone in the remodeling cycle. They secrete H+-ions and proteinases to dissolve bone mineral and degrade organic bone matrix, respectively. One of the main collagenolytic proteinase in osteoclasts is cathepsin K, a member of papain family cysteine proteinases. Recently, it has been shown that osteoblasts may contribute to organic matrix remodeling. We therefore investigated their ability to produce cathepsin K for this action. Trabecular bone samples were collected from patients operated due to a fracture of the femoral neck. Part of the bone was decalcified and the rest was used for cell isolation. Sections from the decalcified bone were immunostained with antibodies against cathepsin K. Isolated cells were characterized for their ability to form mineralized matrix and subsequently analyzed for their cathepsin K production by Western blotting and quantitative RT-PCR. Osteoblasts, bone lining cells and some osteocytes in situ showed cathepsin K immunoreactivity and osteoblast-like cells in vitro produced cathepsin K mRNA and released both 42 kDa pro- and 27 kDa processed cathepsin K to culture media. Osteoblastic cathepsin K may thus contribute to collagenous matrix maintenance and recycling of improperly processed collagen I. Whether osteoblastic cathepsin K synthesis has consequences in diseases characterized by abnormal bone matrix turnover remains to be investigated. © 2006. Chemicals / CAS: cathepsin K, 94716-09-3; Alkaline Phosphatase, EC 3.1.3.1; cathepsin K, EC 3.4.22.-; Cathepsins, EC 3.4.-; Core Binding Factor Alpha 1 Subunit; Matrix Metalloproteinase 13, EC 3.4.24.-; Osteoprotegerin; RANK Ligand; RNA, Messenger; RUNX2 protein, human; TNFSF11 protein, human; Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha