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Influence of in-plane tyre dynamics on ABS braking of a quarter vehicle model

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Author: Jansen, S.T.H. · Zegelaar, P.W.A. · Pacejka, H.B.
Publisher: Swets & Zeitlinger
Place: Lisse, Netherlands
Institution: TNO Wegtransportmiddelen
Source:Vehicle System Dynamics, 2, 32, 249-261
Identifier: 280447
doi: doi:10.1076/vesd.
Keywords: Traffic · Braking · Dynamics · Mathematical models · In-plane tire dynamics · Tires


For efficient analysis it is important to choose the proper model that fits the problem that needs to be solved. This paper discusses three pragmatic simulation models for longitudinal behaviour of a passenger car tyre (Steady State, Transient and Rigid Ring) that may be used in e.g. an ABS simulation. The characteristics of the simulation models are evaluated using some simple simulations. Simulations with a quarter vehicle model that includes load transfer effects are carried out to determine the deviation in results between the mentioned tyre models for an ABS application. The results show that the Steady State model may only be used below 10 Hz and that the Transient model is valid up to about 30 Hz. The results from the ABS simulation with the Rigid Ring model are most reliable and are clearly different from the Steady State and Transient model, which indicates that ABS simulations should be carried out with the Rigid Ring model. Additionally it is demonstrated that for tyre behaviour on uneven roads the influence of the tyre belt cannot be neglected.