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Strategies to reduce the environmental impact of an aluminium pressure die casting plant: A scenario analysis

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Author: Neto, B. · Kroeze, C. · Hordijk, L. · Costa, C. · Pulles, M.P.J.
Institution: TNO Bouw en Ondergrond
Source:Journal of Environmental Management, 2, 90, 815-830
Identifier: 241393
Keywords: Environment · Aluminium die casting plant · Cost-effectiveness · Environmental impact assessment · Model · Scenario analysis · Strategies on pollution reduction · aluminum · chromium · aluminum · cost-benefit analysis · emission control · environmental economics · environmental impact · environmental impact assessment · policy implementation · strategic approach · acidification · air pollution control · article · automobile industry · controlled study · cost control · cost effectiveness analysis · ecotoxicity · environmental impact assessment · greenhouse effect · material coating · metal industry · solid waste management · water pollution · Aluminum · Environmental Pollutants · Models, Theoretical · Pressure


This study explores a model (MIKADO) to analyse scenarios for the reduction of the environmental impact of an aluminium die casting plant. Our model calculates the potential to reduce emissions, and the costs associated with implementation of reduction options. In an earlier paper [Neto, B., Kroeze, C., Hordijk, L., Costa, C., 2008. Modelling the environmental impact of an aluminium pressure die casting company and options for control. Environmental Modelling & Software 23 (2) 147-168] we included the model description and explored the model by applying it to a plant in which no reduction options are assumed to be implemented (so-called zero case, reflecting the current practice in the plant). Here, we perform a systematic analysis of reduction options. We analysed seven types of reduction strategies, assuming the simultaneous implementation of different reduction options. These strategies are analysed with respect to their potential to reduce emissions, environmental impact and costs associated with the implementation of options. These strategies were found to differ largely in their potential to reduce the environmental impact of the plant (10-87%), as well as in the costs associated with the implementation of options (-268 to +277 k€/year). We were able to define 11 strategies, reducing the overall environmental impact by more than 50%. Of these, two have net negative costs, indicating that the company may in fact earn money through their implementation. © 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.