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Emission of volatiles from spray polyurethane foam (SPF) insulated crawl spaces

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Author: Havermans, J.B.G.A.
Source:13th International Conference on Indoor Air Quality and Climate 2014, 7-12 July 2014, The University of Hong Kong, 1-5
Identifier: 514849
Keywords: Environment · Spray polyurethane foam · MDI · Emission · Indoor air quality · Sustainable Chemical Industry · Industrial Innovation · Earth / Environmental · AEC - Applied Environmental Chemistry · ELSS - Earth, Life and Social Sciences


The emission of (di)isocyantes, polyols and blowing agents from curing Spray Polyurethane Foam (SPF) was studied in a house having its crawl space recently insulated. Before insulation a blank measurement was made and he emission was followed up to 144 hours after the insolation application. The emission of SPF emitting products and therefore their diffusion to the living room was concluded. The highest emission and diffusion is found at the most volatile products: the blowing agents. After 144 hours semi-volatiles as the (di)isocyanates were present in concentrations comparable to their background level. Aminocatalyst, mainly polyols, were detected in the living room almost immediately after the insulation application, however the concentration decreased due time. After 144 hours they were still present in the crawl space but could not be detected anymore in the living room