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Effect of pile-driving sounds on the survival of larval fish

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Author: Bolle, L.J. · Jong, C.A.F. de · Bierman, S.M. · Beek, P.J.G. van van · Wessels, P.W. · Blom, E. · Damme, C.J.G. van · Winter, H.V. · Dekeling, R.P.A.
Publisher: Springer New York LLC
Source:Popper, A.N.Hawkins, A., The Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life II, 91-100
Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Identifier: 530280
doi: doi:10.1007/978-1-4939-2981-8_11
Keywords: Biology · Pile driving · Antropogenetic noise · Underwater noise · Controlled exposure experiments · Offshore wind farms · Animal behavior · Animal tissue · Controlled study · Environmental exposure · European sea bass · Herring · Larval stage · Lethality · Mortality · Sound analysis · Sound intensity · Sound pressure · Survival · Defence Research · Defence, Safety and Security · Observation, Weapon & Protection Systems · AS - Acoustics & Sonar · TS - Technical Sciences


Concern exists about the potential effects of pile-driving sounds on fish, but evidence is limited, especially for fish larvae. A device was developed to expose larvae to accurately reproduced pile-driving sounds. Controlled exposure experiments were carried out to examine the lethal effects in common sole larvae. No significant effects were observed at zero-to-peak pressure levels up to 210 dB re 1 μPa 2 and cumulative sound exposure levels up to 206 dB re 1 μPa 2 ·s, which is well above the US interim criteria for nonauditory tissue damage in fish. Experiments are presently being carried out for European sea bass and herring larvae. © Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016.