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The suitability of various plasmin preparations for the functional assay of ??2-antiplasmin in plasma

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Author: Kluft, C. · Traas, D.W. · Jie, A.F.H. · Hoegee de Nobel, E.
Type:article
Date:1982
Institution: Gaubius instituut TNO
Source:Thrombosis and Haemostasis, 3, 48, 320-324
Identifier: 229262
Keywords: Biology · Alpha 2 antiplasmin · Urokinase · Blood and hemopoietic system · Fibrinolysis · Human · Methodology · Antiplasmin · Blood Coagulation Tests · Human · Lysine · Plasmin

Abstract

Various plasmin preparations were tested for their suitability for use in the assay of ??2-antiplasmin in blood plasma by the immediate plasmin inhibition test. Activation of plasminogen, viz., 1-Glu-plasminogen and/or 77-Lys-plasminogen, by immobilized urokinase results in plasmin preparations suitable for this ??2-antiplasmin test. Plasmins obtained by 'spontaneous' activation procedures in glycerol containing solutions, however, appeared not to be suitable. In this second group, the behaviour of the plasmins resembles that of 442-Val-plasmin (miniplasmin), which is known to show a low inactivation rate with ??2-antiplasmin due to the absence of lysine-binding in the plasmin molecule. Evidence is presented that, in the nonsuitable plasmins, the lysine-binding sites, although not completely absent, have at least partly lost their functional integrity. Chemicals/CAS: plasmin, 9001-90-5, 9004-09-5; urokinase, 139639-24-0; Antiplasmin; Lysine, 56-87-1; Plasmin, EC 3.4.21.7