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Foams and surface rheological properties of β-casein, gliadin and glycinin

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Author: Bos, M.A. · Dunnewind, B. · Vliet, T. van
Type:article
Date:2003
Source:Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, 1-4, 31, 95-105
Identifier: 237258
doi: doi:10.1016/S0927-7765(03)00046-8
Keywords: Food technology · β-Casein · Foam formation · Foam stability · Gliadin · Glycinin · Surface rheology · Adsorption · Biological membranes · Interfaces (materials) · pH effects · Proteins · Rheology · Surface tension · Surface dilational modulus · Foams · beta casein · gliadin · glycinin · acidity · adsorption · comparative study · compression · conference paper · film · flow kinetics · foam stability · foaming · priority journal · protein analysis · reaction analysis · surface property · technique · tension

Abstract

Interfacial rheological properties and their suitability for foam production and stability of two vegetable proteins were studied and compared to β-casein. Proteins used ranged from flexible to rigid/globular in the order of β-casein, gliadin and soy glycinin. Experiments were performed at pH 6.7. Network forming properties were characterised by the surface dilational modulus (determined with the ring trough) and the critical falling film length (Lstill) at which a stagnant protein film will break. Gliadin had the highest dilational modulus, followed by glycinin and β-casein, whereas glycinin formed the strongest film against fracture in the overflowing cylinder. The rate of decrease in the surface tension was studied at the air-water (Wilhelmy plate method) and the oil-water interface (bursting membrane) and the dynamic surface tension during compression and expansion in the caterpillar. Gliadin had the lowest equilibrium interfacial tensions and β-casein the lowest dynamic surface tension during expansion. Hardly any foam could be formed at a concentration of 0.1 g/l by shaking. At a concentration of 1.4 g/l most foam was formed by β-casein, followed by gliadin and glycinin. It seems that in the first place the rate of adsorption is important for foam formation. For the vegetable proteins, adsorption was slow. This resulted in lower foamability, especially for glycinin. © 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.