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Induction of mutations in bacteriophage T7 by γ rays: independence of host repair mechanisms

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Author: Bleichrodt, J.F. · Roos, A.L.M. · Roos Verheij, W.S.D.
Type:article
Date:1977
Institution: Medisch Biologisch Laboratorium TNO
Source:Mutation Research, 3, 43, 313-325
Identifier: 228144
Keywords: Biology · Radioisotope · Amber mutant · Bacteriophage · Codon · DNA repair · Escherichia coli · Gamma radiation · In vitro study · Microorganism · Mutagenesis · Mutant · Theoretical study · Virus mutation · Cobalt Radioisotopes · Codon · Coliphages · DNA Polymerase I · DNA Repair · DNA, Viral · Escherichia coli · Gamma Rays · Mutation · Oxygen · Suppression, Genetic

Abstract

Amber mutants of bacteriophage T7 are reverted by γ-rays to pseudo wild-type particles, i.e. particles able to propagate in a suppressorless host. The yield of revertants is much higher when the phage is irradiated in the presence of oxygen than when irradiated anoxically. Under particular gas conditions the efficiency of mutation induction differs by less than a factor of ten among six different amber codons in cistrons 1, 5, 6, 12, 17 and 19. The induction of mutations is not dependent on error-prone repair involving the recA or lexA genes of the host cell. It is estimated that of the damages that may be inflicted by γ-rays upon an amber codon, fewer than 1 out of 85 results in reversion of the codon to pseudo wild-type. Chemicals/CAS: Cobalt Radioisotopes; Codon; DNA Polymerase I, EC 2.7.7.-; DNA, Viral; Oxygen, 7782-44-7