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Human T cell repertoire generation in the absence of MHC class II expression results in a circulating CD4+CD8- population with altered physicochemical properties of complementarity-determining region 3

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Author: Henwood, J. · Eggermond, M.C.J.A. van · Boxel van-Dezaire, A.H.H. · Schipper, R. · Hoedt, M. den · Peijnenburg, A. · Sanal, Ö. · Ersoy, F. · Rijkers, G.T. · Zegers, B.J.M. · Vossen, J.M. · Tol, M.J.D. van · Elsen, P.J. van den
Type:article
Date:1996
Institution: TNO Preventie en Gezondheid
Source:Journal of Immunology, 3, 156, 895-906
Identifier: 233209
Keywords: Health · Amino Acid Sequence · Antigens, CD4 · Antigens, CD8 · Base Sequence · Gene Rearrangement, T-Lymphocyte · HLA-D Antigens · Humans · Immunophenotyping · Isoelectric Point · Molecular Sequence Data · Multigene Family · Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, alpha-beta · Severe Combined Immunodeficiency · T-Lymphocyte Subsets

Abstract

In this study, we have investigated the impact of deficient MHC class II expression on the use of TCRBV6 and TCRBJ gene elements, and on the pattern of amino acid incorporation exhibited in the N1-D-N2 segments of the third complementarity-determining region (CDR3) of these TCRBV6 rearrangements. To this end, we have analyzed circulating T cells from three, nonrelated MHC class II-deficient (bare lymphocyte syndrome (BLS)) patients and three MHC class II-expressing family members. The patients and healthy controls exhibited similar, nonrandom usage profiles of TCRBV6 and TCRBJ gene elements in both the CD4+CD8- and the CD4-CD8+ subsets of peripheral blood T cells. No statistically significant differences between patients and controls were detected in the length of CDR3, or in the amount of non-germline modification at the sites of recombination. However, detailed analysis of the TCRBV6 rearrangements derived from the CD4+CD8- subsets from the BLS patients revealed patterns of amino acid incorporation into the N1-D-N2 region of CDR3 that resulted in altered charge and hydropathicity properties of the presumed Ag binding site. In this way, we have been able to demonstrate that human T cell repertoire development in the absence of MHC class II expression results in a circulating CD4+CD8- T cell population bearing TCRs with altered CDR3 profiles. Such altered profiles are likely to be a direct reflection of the lack of MHC class II-mediated selection processes in these BLS patients.