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Computational human body models

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Author: Wismans, J.S.H.M. · Happee, R. · Dommelen, J.A.W. van
Type:article
Date:2005
Institution: TNO Industrie en Techniek
Source:IUTAM Symposium on Impact Biomechanics: From Fundamental Insights to Applications, 1 July 2005 through 1 July 2005, Dublin, Ireland, 124, 417-429
series:
Solid Mechanics and its Applications
Identifier: 460490
ISBN: 1402037953 · 9781402037955
Keywords: Traffic · Injury biomechanics · Simulation models · Vehicle design · Vehicle safety · Mobility

Abstract

Computational human body models are widely used for automotive crashsafety research and design and as such have significantly contributed to a reduction of traffic injuries and fatalities. Currently crash simulations are mainly performed using models based on crash-dummies. However crash dummies differ significantly from the real human body and moreover crash dummies are only available for a limited set of body sizes. Models of the real human body offer some promising advantages including the prediction of injury mechanisms and injury criteria. In this paper, a review will be given of a number of developments in the field of occupant crash simulations in the past 40 years. Topics presented include history of occupant crash simulation codes, human body geometry, human body material modelling and model quality rating. A discussion on foreseen future developments in this field will conclude this paper. © 2005 Springer.