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Nutritional status and food consumption in 10-11 year old Dutch boys (Dutch Nutrition Surveillance System)

Author: Poppel, G.van. · Schneijder, P. · Löwik, M.R.H. · Schrijver, J. · Kok, F.J.
Type:article
Date:1991
Institution: Instituut CIVO-Toxicologie en Voeding TNO
Source:British Journal of Nutrition, 2, 66, 161-169
Identifier: 63916
Keywords: Medicine · Geneeskunde · Health · Gezondheid · Dietetics · Voedingsleer · Ascorbic Acid · Blood Pressure · Body Weight · Cardiovascular Diseases · Child · Cholesterol · Dietary Carbohydrates · Dietary Fats · Dietary Fiber · Energy Intake · Human · Iron · Male · Netherlands · Nutritional Status · Pyridoxine · Risk Factors · Support, Non-U.S. Gov't · Vitamin A

Abstract

As part of the Dutch Nutrition Surveillance System, cardiovascular risk factors and food consumption (24 h recall) as well as haematological, Fe and vitamin status (A, B6, C) were assessed in 126 Dutch boys aged 10-11 years (response 71%). Body mass index (BMI) and the sum of four skinfolds were strongly associated (r 0.85, P < 0.01) and 8% of the boys were overweight (BMI > 20.1 kg/m2). Elevated serum total cholesterol levels ( > 4.4 mmol/l) were observed in 38%; total cholesterol and low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol levels were strongly associated (r 0.88, P < 0.001). Intake of fat was high (38% of energy) and too much fat was saturated (polyunsaturated: saturated 0.44, guideline: 0.5-1.0), whereas intake of carbohydrate (49% of energy) and dietary fibre was low. About 12% of the boys had insufficient Fe stores (plasma ferritin < 12.0 μg/l) and the mean Fe intake (9.0 mg/d) was below recommended daily allowance (10.0 mg/d). Plasma ferritin was, however, not associated with haematological indices and no frank anaemias were observed. No marginal values were observed for vitamins A, B6 and C status. In conclusion, the main nutritional risks in boys aged 10-11 years are cardiovascular risk factors and Fe nutrition. Chemicals/CAS: Ascorbic Acid, 50-81-7; Cholesterol, 57-88-5; Dietary Carbohydrates; Dietary Fats; Iron, 7439-89-6; Pyridoxine, 65-23-6; Vitamin A, 11103-57-4