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Decision support system emergency planning, creating evacuation strategies in the event of flooding

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Author: Windhouwer, C.J. · Klunder, G.A. · Sanders, F.M.
Type:article
Date:2005
Publisher: Royal Flemish Academy of Belgium
Institution: TNO Bouw
Source:2nd International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM 2005, 18 April 2005 through 20 April 2005, Brussels, 171-180
Identifier: 513124
ISBN: 9789076971094
Keywords: Traffic · Decision support · Decision-making · Emergency planning · Evacuation · Flooding · Traffic flows · Artificial intelligence · Behavioral research · Decision support systems · Disaster prevention · Disasters · Information systems · Oil well flooding · Risk perception · Traffic control · Decision support system (dss) · Decision supports · Emergency planning · Evacuation · Evacuation strategy · Extreme weather · River flooding · Traffic flow · Floods · Reliable Mobility Systems · Mobility

Abstract

The Decision Support System (DSS) Emergency Planning is designed for use in the event of sea or river flooding. It makes accessible all the information related to the decision whether to evacuate an area. An important factor in this decision is the time required for the evacuation. The model used by the DSS Emergency Planning system to estimate the time required employs a strategy that prevents congestion on the road network in the area at risk. The use of the DSS Emergency Planning system during the proactive and prevention phases enables disaster containment organisations to prepare better for a flood situation. Moreover, all relevant information is saved and is therefore available for the post-disaster evaluation. The DSS Emergency Planning system can play a significant role in ensuring that the evacuation of an area at risk goes according to plan. In the future the DSS Emergency Planning system can also be used to evacuate people in the event of a nuclear, natural fire or extreme weather disaster.