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Prevention of divorce-related problems in Dutch 4- tot 8-year-olds: Cultural adaptation and pilot study of the Children of Divorce Intervention Program

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Author: Klein Velderman, M. · Pannebakker, F.D. · Vliet, W. van · Reijneveld, S.A.
Source:Research on Social Work Practice, 4, 28, 415-427
Identifier: 572134
doi: doi:10.1177/1049731516644504
Keywords: Health · Children · Separation · Divorce · Divorce intervention · Children’s adjustment · Program evaluation · Separation · Case report · Child · Clinical article · Controlled study · Feasibility study · Female · Human · Leadership · Netherlands · Pilot study · Scientist · Teacher · United States · Healthy for Life · Healthy Living · Life · CH - Child Health · ELSS - Earth, Life and Social Sciences


Objective: Parental divorce has strong impacts on children. Evidence-based programs to support young children after parental divorce are rare. The U.S.-developed Children of Divorce Intervention Program (CODIP) is one of these. CODIP’s effectiveness outside the U.S. setting is to be further replicated. This study aimed at cultural adaptation of CODIP for Dutch 4- to 8-year-olds, evaluation of the feasibility of adapted CODIP-Netherlands modules (CODIP-NL) in the Dutch setting, and comparison with U.S. results. Methods: A pilot study (N ¼ 43) was conducted, comprising nine CODIP-NL groups. Results: Results showed intermediate and end users to be satisfied. Outcomes improved regarding mother-, teacher-, and group leader–reported child functioning. Standardized effect estimates were smaller than those found in the United States. Conclusions: CODIP-NL seems to be a feasible and satisfactory method to reduce divorce-related problems in Dutch 4- to 8-year-olds. This study could provide guidance to researchers interested in adapting research-based interventions to different cultural settings.