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Whiplash: reduction of neck injuries and their societal costs in rear end collisions.

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Author: Wismans, J.S.H.M.
Institution: TNO Wegtransportmiddelen
Source:Proceedings of the 11th European Vehicle Passive Safety Network Conference: a road to European co-operation', March 22, 2000, Brussels, Belgium, 80-84
Identifier: 362718
Keywords: safety · occupant protection · collisions · research and development · regulations


Neck injuries in car collisions constitute a serious problem with tremendous implications for the individual as well as for the society. Neck injuries particularly occur in rear-end collisions and for this accident type no test method or passive safety regulations exist, mainly as a consequence of the limited knowledge available on neck injuries. The European Community has sponsored a 3-year research programme aimed to develop effective research tools and test procedures to improve the protection of car occupants in rear-end collisions. The research methodology includes tests with human volunteers; crash dummy development; computer modelling and benchmarking of current seat designs. The main results of the project so far are a first and second phase rear impact crash dummy - including mathematical computer models of this dummy and a definition of a test method. In addition, real accident data and new experimental data on the behaviour of car occupants during rear end collisions were generated