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Stochastic uncertainties and sensitivities of a regional-scale transport model of nitrate in groundwater

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Author: Brink, C.v.d. · Zaadnoordijk, W.J. · Burgers, S. · Griffioen, J.
Type:article
Date:2008
Institution: TNO Bouw en Ondergrond
Source:Journal of Hydrology, 3-4, 361, 309-318
Identifier: 241123
Keywords: Geosciences · Groundwater planning · Latin hypercube sampling · Monte Carlo · Negotiation support system · Regional scale groundwater quality modeling · Stochastic uncertainty and sensivity assessment · Concentration (process) · Contamination · Decision making · Groundwater · Groundwater pollution · Hydrogeology · Land use · Leaching · Manures · Monte Carlo methods · Nitrates · Problem solving · Process engineering · Quality management · Risk assessment · Sensitivity analysis · Stochastic models · Stochastic programming · Underground reservoirs · Water quality · Groundwater planning · Latin hypercube sampling · Monte Carlo · Negotiation support system · Regional scale groundwater quality modeling · Stochastic uncertainty and sensivity assessment · Uncertainty analysis · concentration (composition) · groundwater · hydrological modeling · land use · leaching · Monte Carlo analysis · nitrate · sensitivity analysis · stochasticity · transport process · uncertainty analysis · water quality · Benelux · Eurasia · Europe · Netherlands · Western Europe

Abstract

Groundwater quality management relies more and more on models in recent years. These models are used to predict the risk of groundwater contamination for various land uses. This paper presents an assessment of uncertainties and sensitivities to input parameters for a regional model. The model had been set up to improve and facilitate the decision-making process between stakeholders and in a groundwater quality conflict. The stochastic uncertainty and sensitivity analysis comprised a Monte Carlo simulation technique in combination with a Latin hypercube sampling procedure. The uncertainty of the calculated concentrations of nitrate leached into groundwater was assessed for the various combinations of land use, soil type, and depth of the groundwater table in a vulnerable, sandy region in The Netherlands. The uncertainties in the shallow groundwater were used to assess the uncertainty of the nitrate concentration in the abstracted groundwater. The confidence intervals of the calculated nitrate concentrations in shallow groundwater for agricultural land use functions did not overlap with those of non-agricultural land use such as nature, indicating significantly different nitrate leaching in these areas. The model results were sensitive for almost all input parameters analyzed. However, the NSS is considered pretty robust because no shifts in uncertainty between factors occurred between factors towards systematic changes in fertilizer and manure inputs of the scenarios. In view of these results, there is no need to collect more data to allow science based decision-making in this planning process. © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.