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Macrophage specific overexpression of the human macrophage scavenger receptor in transgenic mice, using a 180-kb yeast artificial chromosome, leads to enhanced foam cell formation of isolated peritoneal macrophages

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Author: Winther, M.P.J. de · Dijk, K.W. van · Vlijmen, B.J.M. van · Gijbels, M.J.J. · Heus, J.J. · Wijers, E.R. · Bos, A.C. van den · Breuer, M. · Frants, R.R. · Havekes, L.M. · Hofker, M.H.
Type:article
Date:1999
Institution: Gaubius instituut TNO
Source:Atherosclerosis, 2, 147, 339-347
Identifier: 235153
doi: doi:10.1016/S0021-9150(99)00204-X
Keywords: Biology · Acetyl-low density lipoprotein · Macrophage scavenger receptor · Transgenics · Yeast artificial chromosome · acetyl low density lipoprotein · cholesterol ester · scavenger receptor · animal cell · animal experiment · article · atherogenesis · cell proliferation · controlled study · foam cell · gene overexpression · immunohistochemistry · mouse · nonhuman · peritoneum macrophage · priority journal · transgenic mouse · yeast artificial chromosome · Animals · Base Sequence · Cells, Cultured · Chromosomes, Artificial, Yeast · Disease Models, Animal · Foam Cells · Gene Expression · Humans · Kupffer Cells · Lipoproteins, LDL · Macrophages, Peritoneal · Mice · Mice, Transgenic · Molecular Sequence Data · Polymerase Chain Reaction · Receptors, Immunologic · Receptors, Scavenger · RNA, Messenger · Scavenger Receptors, Class A · Sensitivity and Specificity · Species Specificity · Tissue Distribution

Abstract

Macrophage scavenger receptors class A (MSR) are thought to play an important role in atherogenesis by mediating the unrestricted uptake of modified lipoproteins by macrophages in the vessel wall leading to foam cell formation. To investigate the in vivo role of the MSR in this process, a transgenic mouse model expressing both isoforms of the human MSR was generated. A 180-kb yeast artificial chromosome (YAC) containing the human MSR gene (MSR1) with 60- and 40-kb flanking sequence at the 5' and 3' end, respectively, was obtained by reducing the size of a 1050-kb YAC by homologous recombination. This 180-kb YAC was microinjected into mouse oocytes. In the resulting transgenic mice, high levels of mRNA for both type I and type II human MSR1 were detected in peritoneal macrophages and trace levels in other organs, known to contain macrophage-derived cells. Using an antibody against the human MSR, the Kupffer cells in the liver were shown to contain the MSR protein. In vivo clearance of acetyl-LDL was not changed in the MSR1-transgenic mice. However, in vitro studies using peritoneal macrophages from the transgenic mice showed a two-fold increased degradation of acetyl-LDL and cholesterolester accumulation concomitant with a four-fold increase in foam cell formation, as compared to wild-type macrophages. Thus, macrophage specific overexpression of the MSR may lead to increased foam cell formation, which is one of the initial and crucial steps in atherogenesis. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd.