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Job crafting in schools for special education: A qualitative analysis [Job crafting in het speciaal onderwijs: Een kwalitatieve analyse]

Author: Wingerden, J. van · Derks, D. · Bakker, A.B. · Dorenbosch, L.
Type:article
Date:2013
Source:Gedrag en Organisatie, 1, 26, 85-103
Identifier: 474256
Keywords: Special education · Training intervention · WorkloadJob carving · Job crafting · Job demands-resources model · Person-job fit · Work and Employment · Healthy Living · Organisation · SP - Sustainable Productivity · BSS - Behavioural and Societal Sciences

Abstract

In this article we discuss the design and qualitative (process) evaluation of a job crafting intervention among employees at three Dutch schools for special education. In a period of 1.5 months, fifty employees participated in a group-based training intervention that addressed individual's job crafting activities aimed at improving individual's person-job fit by either lowering job demands or adding job resources and challenges. Through self-evaluations of the success of their job crafting actions and in-depth interviews, successful job crafters reported that they gained a better sense of control over their work and experienced reduced workload. Participants that were unsuccessful in crafting their job, emphasized the importance of the school's support to deal with the effects of unsuccessful job crafting actions. The article ends with a discussion and recommendations for future research on job crafting interventions.