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Oral two-generation reproduction toxicity study with NM-200 synthetic amorphous silica in Wistar rats

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Author: Wolterbeek, A. · Oosterwijk, T. · Schneider, S. · Landsiedel, R. · Groot, D. de · Ee, R. van · Wouters, M. · Sandt, H. van de
Type:article
Date:2015
Source:Reproductive Toxicology, 56, 147–154
Identifier: 536725
doi: doi:10.1016/j.reprotox.2015.03.006
Keywords: Nutrition · Nanomaterials · Synthetic amorphoussilica · NM-200 · Reproductive toxicity · Rat · Food and Nutrition · Healthy Living · Life · MHR - Metabolic Health Research · ELSS - Earth, Life and Social Sciences

Abstract

Synthetic amorphous silica (SAS) like NM-200 is used in a wide variety of technological applications and consumer products. Although SAS has been widely investigated the available reproductive toxicity studies are old and do not cover all requirements of current OECD Guidelines. As part of a CEFIC-LRI project, NM- 200 was tested in a two-generation reproduction toxicity study according to OECD guideline 416. Male and female rats were treated by oral gavage with NM-200 at dose levels of 0, 100, 300 and 1000 mg/kg bw/day for two generations. Body weight and food consumption were measured throughout the study. Reproductive and developmental parameters were measured and at sacrifice (reproductive) organs and tissues were sampled for histopathological analysis. Oral administration of NM-200 up to 1000 mg/kg bw/day had no adverse effects on the reproductive performance of rats or on the growth and development of the offspring into adulthood for two consecutive generations. The NOAEL was 1000 mg/kg body weight per day.