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The Reality Check: Evacuation Planning done by Mixed Reality and Simulation

Author: Keus, D. · Veldhoven, E.R. van · Heemskerck Pillis, F. van · Brink, T. van den · Laar, J. van
Type:article
Date:2011
Publisher: Simulation Interoperability Standards Organization's (SISO)
Source:2011 International Simulation Multi-Conference ISMC'11, Euro Simulation Interoperability Workshop (E-SIW) 27-29 June 2011, The Hague, The Netherlands, 11-16
Identifier: 430953
Article number: 11E-SIW-009
Keywords: Simulation · Disasters · Reality check · Validation · Evacuation · Evacuation plans · Mixed reality for collaboration · Organisation · MSG - Modelling Simulation & Gaming ; MO - Military Operations · BSS - Behavioural and Societal Sciences

Abstract

Severe natural or man-made disasters that occur in urban areas often require evacuation measures to protect or rescue the population. In crisis situations, different kinds of knowledge are necessary to get insight in the consequences of the proposed set of measures. In addition, there are typically many different parties involved in the decision making process. These decision makers can be supported by simulation models that assist in assessing and predicting the emergency situation and assist in the development of effective evacuation plans. There are currently many existing (simulation) models available for evacuation planning. However, the population data which is an important input parameter for the models, usually consists of generic or even fictive information. The mixed reality project “Reality Check”, which is part of the Dutch research program “Flood Control 2015”, aims to feed more reliable data into an evacuation model. This input data can be either static data, for example extracted from population registers, or dynamic real-time data. Both types of data improve the situational awareness of the decision makers dealing with a calamity and provide them with better simulation results to assess their options. The “Reality Check” tool combines several population databases, a road database and a scientific evacuation model. The tool has been realized using the MiReCol architecture (Mixed Reality for Collaboration). MiReCol enables the integration of scenarios, protocols, (scientific) models and data sources, in order to provide decision makers with real-time output from predicting models during crisis situations. In the MiReCol architecture, all components are linked through a network data bus, and web services are used to exchange information between data sources, evacuation models, and assessment or presentation tools. The “Reality Check” tool makes the knowledge and information from different sources and models available to all involved participants.