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Work Stress Interventions in Hospital Care: Effectiveness of the DISCovery Method

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Author: Niks, I.M.W. · Gevers, J.M.P. · Jonge, J. de · Houtman, I.L.D.
Type:article
Date:2018
Source:International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2, 15, 332
Identifier: 785279
doi: doi:10.3390/ijerph15020332
Keywords: Workplace · Work stress · Job demands · Job resources · Off-job recovery · Interventions · DISC-R Model · DISCovery method · Multiple-case study · Health care workers · Health care · Health worker · Hospital sector · Modeling · Occupational exposure · Stress · Working conditions · Comparative effectiveness · Controlled study · Health care personnel · Hospital care · Human · Job stress · Outcome assessment · Wellbeing · Work and Employment · Healthy Living · Life · WHC - Work, Health and Care · ELSS - Earth, Life and Social Sciences

Abstract

Effective interventions to prevent work stress and to improve health, well-being, and performance of employees are of the utmost importance. This quasi-experimental intervention study presents a specific method for diagnosis of psychosocial risk factors at work and subsequent development and implementation of tailored work stress interventions, the so-called DISCovery method. This method aims at improving employee health, well-being, and performance by optimizing the balance between job demands, job resources, and recovery from work. The aim of the study is to quantitatively assess the effectiveness of the DISCovery method in hospital care. Specifically, we used a three-wave longitudinal, quasi-experimental multiple-case study approach with intervention and comparison groups in health care work. Positive changes were found for members of the intervention groups, relative to members of the corresponding comparison groups, with respect to targeted work-related characteristics and targeted health, well-being, and performance outcomes. Overall, results lend support for the effectiveness of the DISCovery method in hospital care.