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Stimulation of the in Vivo Production of Very Low Density Lipoproteins by Apolipoprotein E Is Independent of the Presence of the Low Density Lipoprotein Receptor

Author: Teusink, B. · Mensenkamp, A.R. · Boom, H. van der · Kuipers, F. · Dijk, K.W. van · Havekes, L.M.
Type:article
Date:2001
Institution: Gaubius Instituut TNO
Source:Journal of Biological Chemistry, 44, 276, 40693-40697
Identifier: 236273
doi: doi:10.1074/jbc.M106396200
Keywords: Animalia · Gillia · Animals · Apolipoproteins E · Lipoproteins, VLDL · Male · Mice · Mice, Inbred C57BL · Mice, Knockout · Receptors, LDL

Abstract

Apolipoprotein (apo) E stimulates the secretion of very low density lipoproteins (VLDLs) by an as yet unknown mechanism. Recently, a working mechanism for apoE was proposed (Twisk, J., Gillian-Daniel, D. L., Tebon, A., Wang, L., Barrett, P. H., and Attie, A. D. (2000) J. Clin. Invest. 105, 521-532) in which apoE prevents the inhibitory action of the low density lipoprotein receptor (LDLr) by binding to it. We have first tested whether this newly described effect of the LDLr on VLDL secretion, obtained in vitro, is also observed in vivo. In LDLr knockout mice (LDLr-/-), the production of VLDL triglycerides and apoB was 30% higher than that in controls. Also the ratio of apoB1OO:apoB48 secretion was increased in the LDLr-/- mice. The composition of nascent VLDL was similar in both strains. To test whether the action of apoE depends on the presence of the LDLr, VLDL production was measured in LDLr-/- and apoE-/- LDLr-/- mice. Deletion of apoE on a LDLr-/- background still caused a 50% decrease of VLDL triglycerides and apoB production. The composition of nascent VLDL was again similar for both strains. We conclude that the effect of apoE on hepatic VLDL production is independent of the presence of the LDLr. Chemicals/CAS: Apolipoproteins E; Lipoproteins, VLDL; Receptors, LDL