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Annoyance caused by the sounds of a magnetic levitation train

Author: Vos, J.
Type:article
Date:2004
Institution: TNO Technische Menskunde
Source:Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 4, 115, 1597-1608
Identifier: 12867
doi: doi:10.1121/1.1650330
Keywords: Acoustics and Audiology · Computer simulation · Magnetic levitation vehicles · Noise abatement · Passenger cars · Railroad cars · Roads and streets · Traffic control · Magnetic levitation train · Passby sounds · Sound fragments · Acoustic waves · Acoustics · Annoyance · Auditory stimulation · Car · Magnetism · Railways · Simulation · Sound intensity · Traffic · Velocity · Analysis of Variance · Auditory Perception · Auditory Threshold · Cross-Over Studies · Noise, Transportation · Psychology, Experimental · Railroads

Abstract

In a laboratory study, the annoyance caused by the passby sounds from a magnetic levitation (maglev) train was investigated. The listeners were presented with various sound fragments. The task of the listeners was to respond after each presentation to the question: "How annoying would you find the sound in the preceding period if you were exposed to it at home on a regular basis?" The independent variables were (a) the driving speed of the maglev train (varying from 100 to 400 km/h), (b) the outdoor A-weighted sound exposure level (ASEL) of the passbys (varying from 65 to 90 dB), and (c) the simulated outdoor-to-indoor reduction in sound level (windows open or windows closed). As references to the passby sounds from the maglev train (type Transrapid 08), sounds from road traffic (passenger cars and trucks) and more conventional railway (intercity trains) were included for rating also. Four important results were obtained. Provided that the outdoor ASELs were the same, (1) the annoyance was independent of the driving speed of the maglev train, (2) the annoyance caused by the maglev train was considerably higher than that caused by the intercity train, (3) the annoyance caused by the maglev train was hardly different from that caused by road traffic, and (4) the results (1)-(3) held true both for open or closed windows. On the basis of the present results, it might be expected that the sounds are equally annoying if the ASELs of the maglev-train passbys are at least 5 dB lower than those of the intercity train passbys. Consequently, the results of the present experiment do not support application of a railway bonus to the maglev-train sounds. © 2004 Acoustical Society of America.