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Social cohesiveness and absenteeism : the relationship between characteristics of employees and short-term absenteeism within an organization

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Author: Sanders, K. · Nauta, A.
Type:article
Date:2004
Institution: TNO Arbeid
Source:Small Group Research, 6, 35, 724-741
Identifier: 277289
doi: doi:10.1177/1046496404267186
Keywords: Workplace · Arbeidsparticipatie · Arbeidsduur · Werktijden · Arbeidstijden · Ziekteverzuim · Sociaal verzuim · Sociale betrekkingen · Geslacht · Verwantschap · Arbeid in groepsverband · Teamwork · Taakgroepen · Arbeid · Anticooperative behavior · Short-term absenteeism · Social cohesiveness · Team-working

Abstract

This article tries to explain the relationship between characteristics of the employees as gender and working hours, and short-term absenteeism by examining the social cohesiveness of a team. Hypotheses are formulated concerning gender and working hours of employees, social cohesiveness, and short-term absenteeism. To test these hypotheses, network data on 56 employees in 8 comparable teams within an organization were collected. The results show that similarity in gender and percentage of full-time employees within a team were positively related to the social cohesiveness of a team and that social cohesiveness is negatively related to short-term absenteeism.