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Healing environments: What design factors really matter according to patients: An exploratory analysis

Author: Schreuder, E.J.A. · Lebesque, L.H.E.M. · Bottenheft, C.
Source:Health Environments Research and Design Journal, 1-19
Identifier: 535078
Keywords: Health · Evidence-based design · Patient room design · Machine learning · Hierarchial multivariate regression · Patient well-being · Healthy for Life · Healthy Living · Urban Mobility & Environment · DCHA - Dutch Centre for Health Assets · ELSS - Earth, Life and Social Sciences


The main aim of this research was to identify the impact of design characteristics (DCs) of a patient room on self-reported patient well-being. Background: This knowledge enables the construction of healing environments focusing on DCs that maximize well-being. Six themes were identified in literature that create healing environments: spatial comfort, safety and security, autonomy, sensory comfort, privacy, and social comfort. We wondered what themes and associated DCs should be prioritized if needed to maximize well-being. Method: The physical environment of patient rooms in four