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Screening for mental health problems in a Norwegian preschool population. A validation of the ages and stages questionnaire: Social-emotional (ASQ:SE)

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Author: Stensen, K. · Stenseng, F. · Lydersen, S. · Wolff, M.S. de · Wallander, J. · Drugli, M.B.
Type:article
Date:2018
Source:Child and Adolescent Mental Health, 4, 23, 368-375
Identifier: 843127
doi: doi:10.1111/camh.12257
Keywords: Health · Mental health · Preschool children · Psychometrics · Screening · Validity

Abstract

Background: Early detection of mental health problems in childhood is important. However, studies on screening instruments for preschool children are rare. The aim of this study was to validate the Ages and Stages Questionnaire: Social-Emotional (ASQ:SE) with teacher reports and examine its screening accuracy in a preschool population. Methods: A total of 1428 children, aged 18 months – 5 years, attending child-care centers were recruited in Norway. Their teachers completed a survey including the ASQ:SE and the Caregiver-Teacher Report Form (C-TRF). The Spearman's correlation was calculated for the convergence between the ASQ:SE and the C-TRF and the screening accuracy of the ASQ:SE was assessed using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis with the criterion of a score at or above the 90th percentile for the C-TRF total problem score. Results: The Spearman's correlation between the total scores for the ASQ:SE and the C-TRF were from.49 to.72. The ROC analyses demonstrated that the ASQ:SE had a promising ability to classify children at risk based on the C-TRF criterion with AUC ranging from.87 to.96 for the different forms. The ASQ:SE generally demonstrated high specificity across all forms and some forms (from age 30 months upwards) produced both high sensitivity and high specificity using the selected cutoff values. Conclusions: The ASQ:SE could serve as a good starting point for screening for social-emotional problems among children in child-care centers. The 30- to 60-month ASQ:SE forms exhibit promising psychometric properties and may prove useful for early detection. The 18- to 24-month ASQ:SE forms demonstrate more limited efficacy in detecting children at risk. © 2018 Association for Child and Adolescent Mental Health