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SAKAMATA : A tool to avoid whale strandings

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Author: Benders, F.P.A. · Beerens, S.P. · Verboom, W.C.
Publisher: Nexus Media Ltd
Place: Swanley, Kent, UK
Institution: TNO Fysisch en Elektronisch Laboratorium
Source:UDT Europe 2004 - Conference Proceedings Undersea Defence Technology, 22-25 June 2004, Nice, France, 1-6
Identifier: 242085
Keywords: Environment · Marine mammals · Man made noise · Active sonar · Mitigation measures


World-wide a concern exists about the influence of man-made noise on marine life, and particularly of high power sonar. Most concern lies with marine mammals that use acoustics for hunting, communication and/or navigation. This concern is fed by recent strandings of whales that could be related to military sonar transmissions and seismic explorations. Especially sonars that use audible frequencies are harmful for these mammals. However, little is known about the exact influence of active sonar on marine mammals and therefore many countries apply the precautionary principle. In practice this means that mitigation measures are defined for the use of active sonars. Implementation of such mitigation measures is no sinecure. Background knowledge (presence of mammal species and their hearing sensitivity and behaviour, acoustic conditions) is often lacking. Therefore historical and in situ information must be used. TNO-FEL has developed SAKAMATA, a tool that supports the implementation of mitigation measures in an effective way.