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A novel safety assessment strategy applied to non-selective extracts

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Author: Koster, S. · Leeman, W.R. · Verheij, E.R. · Dutman, A.E. · Stee, L.L.P. van · Munch Nielsen, L. · Ronsmans, S. · Noteborn, H. · Krul, L.
Type:article
Date:2015
Source:Food and Chemical Toxicology, 80, 163–181
Identifier: 523831
doi: doi:10.1016/j.fct.2015.03.010
Keywords: Nutrition · Non-selective extract · Safety · Complex mixture safety assessment · Strategy · Threshold of toxicological concern · TTC · Processing · Aflatoxin · Azoxy derivative · Biphenyl derivative · Carbamic acid derivative · Chemical compound · Dibenzodioxin derivative · Dibenzofuran derivative · Miscellaneous drugs and agents · Nitroso derivative · Non selective extract · Organophosphate · Polymer · Protein · Semi volatile substance · Steroid · Sugar · Unclassified drug · Volatile agent · Water · Yoghurt · allergenicity · Analysis · Analytical parameters · Ash · Chemical analysis · Chemistry · Comparative study · Complex mixture safety assessment strategy · Concentration (parameters) · Controlled study · Dietary fiber · Drug mixture · Exposure · Food · Food color · Food composition · Fuit gum · Fruit juice · Genotoxicity · Hazard assessment · Ice cream · Liquid chromatography · Liquid liquid extraction · Mass fragmentography · Mass fragmentography · Nonhuman · Prevention and control · Procedures · Risk assessment · Sambucus · Soft drink · Solid phase extraction · Solid phase microextraction · Squash · Threshold of toxicological concern · Toxicity testing · Chemistry · Complex Mixtures · Food Analysis · Food Contamination · Food Handling · Food Safety · Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry · Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points · Humans · Methods · Prevention and control · Toxicity · Animalia · Food and Nutrition · Healthy Living · Life Triskelion BV · RAPID - Risk Analysis for Products in Development ARPC - Analytical Research (Pharm & Chemistry) · ELSS - Earth, Life and Social Sciences

Abstract

A main challenge in food safety research is to demonstrate that processing of foodstuffs does not lead to the formation of substances for which the safety upon consumption might be questioned. This is especially so since food is a complex matrix in which the analytical detection of substances, and consequent risk assessment thereof, is difficult to determine. Here, a pragmatic novel safety assessment strategy is applied to the production of non-selective extracts (NSEs), used for different purposes in food such as for colouring purposes, which are complex food mixtures prepared from reference juices. The Complex Mixture Safety Assessment Strategy (CoMSAS) is an exposure driven approach enabling to efficiently assess the safety of the NSE by focussing on newly formed substances or substances that may increase in exposure during the processing of the NSE. CoMSAS enables to distinguish toxicologically relevant from toxicologically less relevant substances, when related to their respective levels of exposure. This will reduce the amount of work needed for identification, characterisation and safety assessment of unknown substances detected at low concentration, without the need for toxicity testing using animal studies. In this paper, the CoMSAS approach has been applied for elderberry and pumpkin NSEs used for food colouring purposes.